Dry Eye Treatments
There are a number of options to treat dry eye. They include:
1 Artificial eyedrops & ointments
This is the most common treatment, with many options available over the counter. If the condition is chronic, you may need to use the drops constantly to keep your eyes sufficiently wet. If your eyes dry out while sleeping, you can use a thick product, like an ointment, at night.
2 Temporary punctal occlusion
A temporary solution is the closing of the punctum; the duct that drains tears from your eye. For this procedure, a plug that is designed to dissolve over time will be used.
3 Permanent ounctal occlusion
If a more permanent solution is required, there are longer-lasting plugs that can be inserted to close up the punctum. Alternatively, there is a procedure called cautery where a special tool is used to burn the opening shut.
This is a medical device that uses heat and pressure to unclog blocked oil glands on your eyelids.
5 Testosterone cream
Although rare, dry eye can be caused by a lack of testosterone in the oil glands on your eyelids. A testosterone cream can be applied to help your oil glands work better.
6 Cyclosporine (Restasis)
This prescription eyedrop helps to boost the production of tears.
7 Lifitegrast (Xiidra)
Taken twice daily, these eyedrops help to kick-start tear production.
8 Other medication and nutrition
Steroid eyedrops can be used for short periods, along with long-term measures such as adding fish oil or omega-3 to your diet.