您还在等白内障成熟时才做手术吗?

白内障,致盲率高达51%,一直稳坐世界致盲疾病的第一把’交椅’。根据2010年世界卫生组织 (World Health Organization) 的调查显示,全球白内障患者约有2,000万人。随着人口不断老龄化,在新加坡,78%的老年人患有白内障。其中,60至64岁的患者占63%,75岁以上的患者高达94%。

什么时候做白内障手术最好?

过去的观点认为白内障非要成熟了才能进行手术,随着白内障技术的日新月异及现代人们对视觉质量的高要求,当白内障引起视力下降,影响到工作和生活时就可以考虑进行手术。Atlas Eye Specialist Centre的医务总监曾百龄医生(Dr David Chan)指出,眼球晶状体从老化、混浊到成熟是一个较漫长的过程,如果拖延不但视力无法改善,还会因为白内障体积膨胀导致继发性急性青光眼、虹膜炎等并发症而增加手术的风险。及早手术可以提高手术的成功率,降低并发症的可能性,加快术后视力恢复,患者也能够更长久地享用高质量的视觉生活。目前白内障患者可以使用保健储蓄(Medisave)和其他私人保险计划来支付手术费用。

现代白内障手术

目前使用较为广泛的是白内障超声乳化术 (Phacoemulsification) 。这是一项微创手术,在表面麻醉下,医生使用超声乳化探头通过2至3mm 的微小切口即能完成对白内障的乳化吸出,手术时间约为15分钟。超声乳化术真正实现了切口小、无缝合、手术时间短、不需住院、快速复明的手术理想。近几年市面上出现的飞秒激光 (Femtosecond Laser) 可以更精准地制造切口,进一步提高了手术的精确度和安全性。

Diversified cataract intraocular lenses improve vision problems

Cataract surgery needs to remove the cloudy lens first, and then implant the intraocular lens. Therefore, choosing an appropriate degree and high-quality intraocular lens plays a decisive role in the postoperative effect. Single focus lens can improve nearsightedness or farsightedness, astigmatic lens can help correct astigmatism, and multifocal lens can solve the problem of presbyopia. Dr. Zeng will provide the most personalized treatment plan according to the patient’s own needs, and choose the “tailor-made” intraocular lens for the patient.

Treat your eyes well and cherish the light. Especially for cataract, a preventable and curable blinding disease, it is imperative to raise awareness of prevention and receive comprehensive eye examinations early and regularly. Atlas Eye Specialist Centre is committed to providing patients with a full range of one-stop integrated ophthalmology services, let us help you take care of your eyes and improve the quality of life.